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The Murder of Professor Schlick

The Rise and Fall of the Vienna Circle

David Edmonds

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Sachbuch / Philosophie: Antike bis Gegenwart


From the author of Wittgenstein's Poker and Would You Kill the Fat Man?, the story of an extraordinary group of philosophers during a dark chapter in Europe's history

On June 22, 1936, the philosopher Moritz Schlick was on his way to deliver a lecture at the University of Vienna when Johann Nelböck, a deranged former student of Schlick's, shot him dead on the university steps. Some Austrian newspapers defended the madman, while Nelböck himself argued in court that his onetime teacher had promoted a treacherous Jewish philosophy. David Edmonds traces the rise and fall of the Vienna Circle—an influential group of brilliant thinkers led by Schlick—and of a philosophical movement that sought to do away with metaphysics and pseudoscience in a city darkened by fascism, anti-Semitism, and unreason.

The Vienna Circle's members included Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap, and the eccentric logician Kurt Gödel. On its fringes were two other philosophical titans of the twentieth century, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Karl Popper. The Circle championed the philosophy of logical empiricism, which held that only two types of propositions have cognitive meaning, those that can be verified through experience and those that are analytically true. For a time, it was the most fashionable movement in philosophy. Yet by the outbreak of World War II, Schlick's group had disbanded and almost all its members had fled. Edmonds reveals why the Austro-fascists and the Nazis saw their philosophy as such a threat.

The Murder of Professor Schlick paints an unforgettable portrait of the Vienna Circle and its members while weaving an enthralling narrative set against the backdrop of economic catastrophe and rising extremism in Hitler's Europe.



Niels Bohr, Anecdote, Logical positivism, Publication, Thought, Extremism, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Mathematics, Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath, Principia Mathematica, Habilitation, Mathematician, Analytic–synthetic distinction, Friedrich Waismann, Italians, Jews, Career, Nobel Prize, Willard Van Orman Quine, Philipp Frank, Moritz Schlick, Austromarxism, Edgar Zilsel, Erkenntnis, Czechoslovakia, Social science, Scientist, Nazi Party, Politics, Manifesto, Lecture, Verificationism, Victor Adler, Red Vienna, Vienna Circle, Austria-Hungary, John Maynard Keynes, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Theory of relativity, Ideology, Privatdozent, A. J. Ayer, Austrians, Writing, Analytic philosophy, G. E. Moore, Alfred Tarski, Philosopher, Karl Menger, Sigmund Freud, Physicist, Anschluss, Felix Kaufmann, Internment, Karl Popper, Nazism, Newspaper, Explanation, Gustav Bergmann, Kurt Schuschnigg, Positivism, Gilbert Ryle, Carl Menger, Philosophy, University of Vienna, Gottlob Frege, Ludwig von Mises, Bertrand Russell, World War I, Gestapo, Philosophy of science, Robert Musil, Enemy alien, Skepticism, Hans Reichenbach, Probability, Czechs, Doctorate, Philosophical Investigations, Scientific theory, American philosophy, The Philosopher, Unity of science, Science, Adolf Hitler, Kristallnacht, Othmar Spann, Empiricism, David Papineau, Otto Bauer, Susan Stebbing, Ernst Mach, Credential, Logic, World War II, Adult education, Psychoanalysis, Herbert Feigl, Ludwig Wittgenstein