Godparents and Kinship in Early Medieval Europe
Joseph H. Lynch
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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte
Between A.D. 200 and 1000, sponsorship at baptism evolved from a simple liturgical act into a mechanism for the creation of enduring relationships regarded as especially holy forms of kinship. Combining anthropological, historical, theological, and literary approaches, Joseph Lynch presents a comprehensive analysis of the origins and development in Western society of this "spiritual" kinship. Because of its solemnity and adaptability, such kinship gradually took its place alongside blood and marital ties as a fundamental part of medieval society, continuing to expand in high and late medieval Europe and to flourish even in modern times, particularly in Latin America.
Professor Lynch traces the liturgical practices and theological beliefs undergirding sponsorship and examines its social purposes, including sacralization of personal firendships, creation of client/patron reltionships, extension of marital taboos, provision of protectors for the young, fostering of trust among adults, and dissemination of religious instruction. In the process he offers a rich array of insights into the Church's role in the passage of Western society from antiquity to the Middle Ages.
Joseph H. Lynch is Professor of History and former Director of the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at Ohio State University. He is author of Simoniacal Entry into Religious Life form 1000 to 1260: A Social, Economic and Legal Study (Ohio State).
Originally published in 1986.
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Baptism, Spirituality, Ancient Rome, Spirituali, Athanasian Creed, Lord's Prayer, Catechumen, Capitulary, Canons of Hippolytus, Divine law, Baptistery, Consecration, Deacon, Celtic Christianity, Penitential, Chlothar II, Christian monasticism, Acolyte, Paternal bond, Impediment (canon law), Ancient Church Orders, Godparent, Augustine of Hippo, Pope Boniface VIII, Germanic paganism, Thomas Aquinas, Arnobius, Saint Boniface, Martin of Braga, Anabaptists, Didascalia Apostolorum, Canon law (Catholic Church), Church Fathers, The City of God (book), Council of Trent, Historiography, Theology, Carolingian Renaissance, Saint Alban, Monasticism, Puritans, First Communion, Christianity, Pope Gregory IX, Laity, Sermon, Isidore of Seville, Church Order (Lutheran), Liber Pontificalis, Marriage law, Pope Gregory I, Predestination, Etymology, Justification (theology), Clergy, Holiness code, Christianization, John Chrysostom, Spouse, Rebaptism, Archimandrite, Catechism, Middle Ages, Carolingian dynasty, Ine of Wessex, Paganism, Merovingian dynasty, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Liturgical Movement, Deaconess, Royal Frankish Annals, Justinian II, Protestantism, Infant baptism, Sacramentary, Scholasticism, Alphonse Mingana, Basilica, Gelasian Sacramentary, Kinship, Owen Chadwick, The Monastery, Pope Gregory II, Medieval Latin, Preface (liturgy), Religious education, Canon law, Rite, Protestant Reformers, Sacred tradition, Counter-Reformation, Missionary, Apostolic Tradition, Pelagius, Old Christian, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Old Testament, Confraternity, Medieval literature, European folklore