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Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans

The Genevans and the Irish in Time of Revolution

Richard Whatmore

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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte


A bloody episode that epitomised the political dilemmas of the eighteenth century

In 1798, members of the United Irishmen were massacred by the British amid the crumbling walls of a half-built town near Waterford in Ireland. Many of the Irish were republicans inspired by the French Revolution, and the site of their demise was known as Geneva Barracks. The Barracks were the remnants of an experimental community called New Geneva, a settlement of Calvinist republican rebels who fled the continent in 1782. The British believed that the rectitude and industriousness of these imported revolutionaries would have a positive effect on the Irish populace. The experiment was abandoned, however, after the Calvinists demanded greater independence and more state money for their project. Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans tells the story of a utopian city inspired by a spirit of liberty and republican values being turned into a place where republicans who had fought for liberty were extinguished by the might of empire.

Richard Whatmore brings to life a violent age in which powerful states like Britain and France intervened in the affairs of smaller, weaker countries, justifying their actions on the grounds that they were stopping anarchists and terrorists from destroying society, religion and government. The Genevans and the Irish rebels, in turn, saw themselves as advocates of republican virtue, willing to sacrifice themselves for liberty, rights and the public good. Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans shows how the massacre at Geneva Barracks marked an end to the old Europe of diverse political forms, and the ascendancy of powerful states seeking empire and markets—in many respects the end of enlightenment itself.



Syndic, Republic, Calvinism, Oligarchy, Tax, British Empire, Charles James Fox, Philosopher, Aristocracy, Declaratory Act, Jonathan Swift, Extremism, Louis XIV of France, Lord Lieutenant, Frederick North, Lord North, Pamphlet, Earl of Tyrone, Treaty, Superiority (short story), Edict, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Bigotry, Huguenot, Trinity College, Dublin, Catholic emancipation, John Horne Tooke, Treatise, William Petty, Commodity, Supporter, Molyneux, Politique, Emigration, Mercantilism, Tyrant, The Social Contract, Church of Ireland, Gordon Riots, Unrest, Monarchy, Sumptuary law, British subject, Jacques Necker, Toleration, Forms of government, French Army, Free trade, Bribery, Duke of Leinster, Sovereignty, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Civil list, Constitution, Dublin Castle, Commissioner, Persecution, P. J. Conkwright, Despotism, Deism, Famine, Canton of Bern, Protestantism, Manuscript, Politics, Slavery, Sedition, Protestant Ascendancy, Pamphleteer, Wealth, Intellectual history, Kingdom of Ireland, Charles Bonnet, Fencibles, Patriotism, Democracy, Henry Grattan, Font Bureau, Irish republicanism, United Kingdom, Regicide, Society of United Irishmen, Politician, Navigation Acts, Republicanism, Christianity, Demagogue, Agriculture, Nobility, Whigs (British political party), Legislation, Montesquieu, Bankruptcy, Popular sovereignty, James Napper Tandy, French colonial empire, Multitude, Mr., Writing, Rights of Man, Parlement