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What Is Political Philosophy?

Charles Larmore

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Philosophie

Beschreibung

A new understanding of political philosophy from one of its leading thinkers

What is political philosophy? What are its fundamental problems? And how should it be distinguished from moral philosophy? In this book, Charles Larmore redefines the distinctive aims of political philosophy, reformulating in this light the basis of a liberal understanding of politics.

Because political life is characterized by deep and enduring conflict between rival interests and differing moral ideals, the core problems of political philosophy are the regulation of conflict and the conditions under which the members of society may thus be made subject to political authority. We cannot assume that reason will lead to unanimity about these matters because individuals hold different moral convictions. Larmore therefore analyzes the concept of reasonable disagreement and investigates the ways we can adjudicate conflicts among people who reasonably disagree about the nature of the human good and the proper basis of political society. Challenging both the classical liberalism of Locke, Kant, and Mill, and more recent theories of political realism proposed by Bernard Williams and others, Larmore argues for a version of political liberalism that is centered on political legitimacy rather than on social justice, and that aims to be well suited to our times rather than universally valid.

Forceful and thorough yet concise, What Is Political Philosophy? proposes a new definition of political philosophy and demonstrates the profound implications of that definition. The result is a compelling and distinctive intervention from a major political philosopher.

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Schlagwörter

Distributive justice, Political system, Election, Liberal democracy, Government, Jurisdiction, Consent of the governed, Criticism, Legitimation, Secular state, Ethics, Political Liberalism, Discourse ethics, Politique, Philosopher, Equality before the law, Writing, Legitimacy (political), Social conflict, A Theory of Justice, Just society, Overlapping consensus, State (polity), Good faith, Moral character, Political science, Oxford University Press, Social order, Politics, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Welfare, Modernity, Helots, Toleration, Intellectual, Individualism, Raymond Geuss, Public reason, Obedience (human behavior), Doctrine, Rights, Joseph Raz, The Realist, Cambridge University Press, Respect for persons, Value pluralism, Consideration, Political violence, Explanation, Reasonable person, Slavery, Social liberalism, Form of life (philosophy), Coercion, Classical liberalism, Jeremy Waldron, Popular sovereignty, Political philosophy, Justice as Fairness, Institution, Suspension of judgment, Annexation, Enemy of the people, Bernard Williams, Intimidation, On Liberty, Communitarianism, Morality, Global justice, Ambiguity, Deliberation, Critical theory, Utilitarianism, Forms of government, Social issue, The Pursuit of Justice, Identity politics, Social justice, Self-Reliance, Demagogue, Allusion, Princeton University Press, Basic norm, Freedom of speech, The Social Contract, John Rawls, Philosophy, Realpolitik, Thought, Security, Self-interest, Critique, Requirement, Habermas, Martha Nussbaum, Realism (international relations), Journal of Moral Philosophy, Principle, Regime, Liberalism