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Moscow Monumental

Soviet Skyscrapers and Urban Life in Stalin's Capital

Katherine Zubovich

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte

Beschreibung

An in-depth history of the Stalinist skyscraper

In the early years of the Cold War, the skyline of Moscow was forever transformed by a citywide skyscraper building project. As the steel girders of the monumental towers went up, the centuries-old metropolis was reinvented to embody the greatness of Stalinist society. Moscow Monumental explores how the quintessential architectural works of the late Stalin era fundamentally reshaped daily life in the Soviet capital.

Drawing on a wealth of original archival research, Katherine Zubovich examines the decisions and actions of Soviet elites—from top leaders to master architects—and describes the experiences of ordinary Muscovites who found their lives uprooted by the ambitious skyscraper project. She shows how the Stalin-era quest for monumentalism was rooted in the Soviet Union's engagement with Western trends in architecture and planning, and how the skyscrapers required the creation of a vast and complex infrastructure. As laborers flooded into the city, authorities evicted and rehoused tens of thousands of city residents living on the plots selected for development. When completed in the mid-1950s, these seven ornate neoclassical buildings served as elite apartment complexes, luxury hotels, and ministry and university headquarters.

Moscow Monumental tells a story that is both local and broadly transnational, taking readers from the streets of interwar Moscow and New York to the marble-clad halls of the bombastic postwar structures that continue to define the Russian capital today.

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Lavrentiy Beria, Central Committee, Preservationist, Lighting, Eviction, Anatoly, Moscow Metro, Princeton University Press, Mossovet, Eastern Bloc, Archive, De-Stalinization, Vyacheslav Molotov, Redevelopment, Murawski, Design studio, Communal apartment, Vladimir Shchuko, Socialist realism, VOKS, International Style (architecture), Architecture, Suburb, Archivist, Zhdanov, Rockefeller Center, Leningrad Affair, Collegiality, State Archive of the Russian Federation, Microdistrict, Boris Iofan, Pushkin Museum, Air conditioning, Librarian, Prefabrication, Stalinism, Building material, Garden Ring, Gulag, The Great Terror, Modern architecture, Skyscraper, Le Corbusier, Dormitory, Architectural drawing, Politburo, Russian architecture, Russian nationalism, Georgy Malenkov, Soviet Union, Moscow City, Urban planning, Bernstein, Eastern Europe, Triumph Palace, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Neoclassicism, Residence, Historicism (art), Moscow State University, Nikita Khrushchev, Construction, Metro station, Amenity, Stalinist architecture, Lev Rudnev, Ministry of Construction of Heavy Industry, Copyright, Liberalization, Moscow, Newspaper, Hotel Ukraine, New Palace (Potsdam), Mayakovskaya (Moscow Metro), Lazar Kaganovich, Demobilization, Setback (architecture), Gosplan, The New York Times, Classical architecture, First five-year plan (Soviet Union), Nicole Eaton, Housing development, Bolsheviks, Dacha, NKVD, Infrastructure, Jean-Louis Cohen, Neoclassical architecture, Lenin's Mausoleum, Russian State Archive of Contemporary History, Apartment, Classicism, Moscow International Business Center, Technology, Smolensk, Alexis Peri, Building, Movie theater, Architecture of the United States