Forging Global Fordism
Stefan J. Link
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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte
A new global history of Fordism from the Great Depression to the postwar era
As the United States rose to ascendancy in the first decades of the twentieth century, observers abroad associated American economic power most directly with its burgeoning automobile industry. In the 1930s, in a bid to emulate and challenge America, engineers from across the world flocked to Detroit. Chief among them were Nazi and Soviet specialists who sought to study, copy, and sometimes steal the techniques of American automotive mass production, or Fordism. Forging Global Fordism traces how Germany and the Soviet Union embraced Fordism amid widespread economic crisis and ideological turmoil. This incisive book recovers the crucial role of activist states in global industrial transformations and reconceives the global thirties as an era of intense competitive development, providing a new genealogy of the postwar industrial order.
Stefan Link uncovers the forgotten origins of Fordism in Midwestern populism, and shows how Henry Ford's antiliberal vision of society appealed to both the Soviet and Nazi regimes. He explores how they positioned themselves as America's antagonists in reaction to growing American hegemony and seismic shifts in the global economy during the interwar years, and shows how Detroit visitors like William Werner, Ferdinand Porsche, and Stepan Dybets helped spread versions of Fordism abroad and mobilize them in total war.
Forging Global Fordism challenges the notion that global mass production was a product of post–World War II liberal internationalism, demonstrating how it first began in the global thirties, and how the spread of Fordism had a distinctly illiberal trajectory.
Ford Motor Company, Car, Assembly line, Capitalism, Populism, War effort, Knights of Labor, Modernization theory, Americanization, Economic policy, Economics, Industrial policy, Adolf Hitler, Raw material, United States, General Motors, Sven Beckert, Economic history, War economy, West Germany, World economy, Political economy, Fordism, Heinrich Nordhoff, Developmental state, Nazism, Technology, Manufacturing, Tariff, Autarky, Economic geography, World history, Luftwaffe, Machining, Backwardness, Nazi Germany, Oxford University Press, Crankshaft, Factory, Shortage, Bolsheviks, Industrial production, Laborer, Total war, Hegemony, Production engineering, Economy of the Soviet Union, Employment, Post-Fordism, Engineering, Shop floor, Stalinism, Division of labour, Chief engineer, Industrialisation, Nazi Party, Junkers, Workforce, Ideology, World War I, Operation Barbarossa, World War II, Technology transfer, Modernity, Soviet Union, Lebensraum, Hard currency, Ferdinand Porsche, Mass production, Politics, Cambridge University Press, Industrial Revolution, GAZ, Industry, Politburo, First five-year plan (Soviet Union), Automotive industry in the United States, Machine tool, Volkswagen, Economy, Agriculture, Scientific management, Marshall Plan, Supply chain, Erhard Milch, Nikita Khrushchev, Supply (economics), Wirtschaftswunder, Economic development, Globalization, Interwar period, Antonio Gramsci, Communism, Economic inequality, Andrew Zimmerman, Technocracy, Western Europe, Production line, Booker T. Washington, Ian Tyrrell