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The Spectre of War

International Communism and the Origins of World War II

Jonathan Haslam

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / 20. Jahrhundert (bis 1945)

Beschreibung

A bold new history showing that the fear of Communism was a major factor in the outbreak of World War II

The Spectre of War looks at a subject we thought we knew—the roots of the Second World War—and upends our assumptions with a masterful new interpretation. Looking beyond traditional explanations based on diplomatic failures or military might, Jonathan Haslam explores the neglected thread connecting them all: the fear of Communism prevalent across continents during the interwar period. Marshalling an array of archival sources, including records from the Communist International, Haslam transforms our understanding of the deep-seated origins of World War II, its conflicts, and its legacy.

Haslam offers a panoramic view of Europe and northeast Asia during the 1920s and 1930s, connecting fascism’s emergence with the impact of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution. World War I had economically destabilized many nations, and the threat of Communist revolt loomed large in the ensuing social unrest. As Moscow supported Communist efforts in France, Spain, China, and beyond, opponents such as the British feared for the stability of their global empire, and viewed fascism as the only force standing between them and the Communist overthrow of the existing order. The appeasement and political misreading of Nazi Germany and fascist Italy that followed held back the spectre of rebellion—only to usher in the later advent of war.

Illuminating ideological differences in the decades before World War II, and the continuous role of pre- and postwar Communism, The Spectre of War provides unprecedented context for one of the most momentous calamities of the twentieth century.

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Schlagwörter

Capitalism, Proletarian revolution, Isolationism, Maxim Litvinov, Yugoslavia, Rapallo, Communist Party of Germany, Interwar period, Neville Chamberlain, Nazi Germany, Comrade, Manchuria, Tripartite Pact, German re-armament, Leon Trotsky, Locarno Treaties, Russians, War, World revolution, Kuomintang, Appeasement, Rudolf Hess, International relations, Princeton University Press, Pacifism, League of Nations, Nazism, Chiang Kai-shek, Power politics, Revolutionary movement, Soviet Union, Germanophile, Germans, Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler, Anschluss, Communism, Russian Revolution, Show trial, Great power, Dictatorship, Subversion, Treaty, Conservative Party (UK), Politics, Eastern Europe, Non-aggression pact, Spanish Civil War, Economy, Commissar, Leninism, Luftwaffe, Secret Intelligence Service, Bolsheviks, Anarcho-syndicalism, Containment, Weimar Republic, Foreign policy, Extremism, Politician, Politburo, World War I, Mein Kampf, Capitalist state, Franz von Papen, Italians, Unrest, Trade union, Litvinov, Treaty of Versailles, Social democracy, Bourgeoisie, Reichswehr, Ideology, Counter-revolutionary, Czechoslovakia, Diplomacy, Liberal internationalism, Otto von Bismarck, Disarmament, Édouard Daladier, Marxism, Operation Barbarossa, Political party, Anti-communism, Second International, Imperialism, Rapprochement, Antonio Gramsci, Soviet Armed Forces, October Revolution, Central Committee, Government of France, German nationalism, British Empire, Reformism, Pierre Laval, Communist International, Remilitarization of the Rhineland, Unemployment