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Searching for Scientific Womanpower

Technocratic Feminism and the Politics of National Security, 1940-1980

Laura Micheletti Puaca

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The University of North Carolina Press img Link Publisher

Sozialwissenschaften, Recht, Wirtschaft / Allgemeines, Lexika

Beschreibung

This compelling history of what Laura Micheletti Puaca terms "technocratic feminism" traces contemporary feminist interest in science to the World War II and early Cold War years. During a period when anxiety about America's supply of scientific personnel ran high and when open support for women's rights generated suspicion, feminist reformers routinely invoked national security rhetoric and scientific "manpower" concerns in their efforts to advance women's education and employment. Despite the limitations of this strategy, it laid the groundwork for later feminist reforms in both science and society. The past and present manifestations of technocratic feminism also offer new evidence of what has become increasingly recognized as a "long women's movement."

Drawing on an impressive array of archival collections and primary sources, Puaca brings to light the untold story of an important but largely overlooked strand of feminist activism. This book reveals much about the history of American feminism, the politics of national security, and the complicated relationship between the two.

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Schlagwörter

science education, the Committee on College Women Students and the War, Arminta Harness, Estelle Ramey, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, female professionals, the Society of Women Engineers, Lillian Gilbreth, Meta Ellis, Catherine Filene Dodd, continuing education, female scientists, and Management War Training (ESMWT) program, Betty Vetter, Mary Gray, National Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs, Office of Defense Mobilization, Betty Lou Raskin, recruitment of women to scientific fields, women and social movements, Equal Rights Amendment, Scientific Manpower Commission, Women in Science and Engineering (WISE), Barnard College, Caucus of Women Biophysicists, National Manpower Council, Alice Leopold, Institute of Women’s Professional Relations, National Roster of Scientific and Specialized Personnel, manpower, Columbia University, Naomi Weisstein, Rita Guttman, American Council on Women in Science, female engineers, Chase Going Woodhouse, women’s professional organizations, American feminism, feminism, waves of feminism, technocratic feminism, Arthur S. Flemming, female activism, American Physical Society’s Committee on the Status of Women in Physics, Mary Ingraham Bunting, brainpower, Federation of Organizations for Professional Women, Science, Committee on Women in College and Defense, Douglass College Mathematics Retraining Program, Engineering, National Organization for Women, Sigma Delta Epsilon, Vera Kistiakowsky, Edward Kennedy, Marguerite Wykoff Zapoleon, Sputnik, women professionals, President’s Commission on the Status of Women, Committee on Professional Opportunities for Women, women in science, Chien-Shiung Wu, Esther Peterson, Mary Louise Robbins, Margaret Pickel, women students at the Columbia University School of Engineering, women in the Cold War, Ruth Hubbard, women in World War II, Association for Women in Mathematics, Naomi McAfee, Virginia Gildersleeve, second wave feminism, Committee on the Status of Women Microbiologists, national security state, Beatrice Hicks, women’s scientific societies, Alice Schafer, Ethaline Cortelyou, Science and Technology Equal Opportunities Act, Association for Women in Science, National Science Foundation, Alice S. Rossi, Betty Lankford McLaughlin, American Association of University Women, Women’s Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor, Kathryn McHale, Yvonne Clark, national security, Women in Science and Technology Equal Opportunity Act, Ernestine Thurman