Agriculture and the Confederacy
R. Douglas Hurt
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Sachbuch / 20. Jahrhundert (bis 1945)
In this comprehensive history, R. Douglas Hurt traces the decline and fall of agriculture in the Confederate States of America. The backbone of the southern economy, agriculture was a source of power that southerners believed would ensure their independence. But, season by season and year by year, Hurt convincingly shows how the disintegration of southern agriculture led to the decline of the Confederacy's military, economic, and political power. He examines regional variations in the Eastern and Western Confederacy, linking the fates of individual crops and different modes of farming and planting to the wider story. After a dismal harvest in late 1864, southerners--faced with hunger and privation throughout the region--ransacked farms in the Shenandoah Valley and pillaged plantations in the Carolinas and the Mississippi Delta, they finally realized that their agricultural power, and their government itself, had failed. Hurt shows how this ultimate lost harvest had repercussions that lasted well beyond the end of the Civil War.
Assessing agriculture in its economic, political, social, and environmental contexts, Hurt sheds new light on the fate of the Confederacy from the optimism of secession to the reality of collapse.
army food supply, crop loan program, black plantation labor, food prices during the Civil War, livestock disease during the Civil War, hog production during the Civil War, sharecropping, tobacco during the Civil War, Farming in the Confederacy, slave valuations, women in agriculture, agricultural impressments, cotton burning, Freedmen's Bureau, agriculture in the Confederacy, cotton planters during the Civil War, black women in southern agriculture, currency in the Confederacy, rice planters during the Civil War, slave prices, livestock diseases during the Civil War, civilian food supply, contract agricultural labor, bread riots, beef supply during the Civil War, sugar planters during the Civil War, white women in southern agriculture, agricultural prices during the Civil War, cotton diplomacy, black farm labor, grain production during the Civil War, railroads during the Civil War, tax-in-kind, livestock production during the Civil War, trading with the enemy, money in the Confederacy, glanders during the Civil war