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Darkness Falls on the Land of Light

Experiencing Religious Awakenings in Eighteenth-Century New England

Douglas L. Winiarski

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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte


This sweeping history of popular religion in eighteenth-century New England examines the experiences of ordinary people living through extraordinary times. Drawing on an unprecedented quantity of letters, diaries, and testimonies, Douglas Winiarski recovers the pervasive and vigorous lay piety of the early eighteenth century. George Whitefield's preaching tour of 1740 called into question the fundamental assumptions of this thriving religious culture. Incited by Whitefield and fascinated by miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit--visions, bodily fits, and sudden conversions--countless New Englanders broke ranks with family, neighbors, and ministers who dismissed their religious experiences as delusive enthusiasm. These new converts, the progenitors of today's evangelical movement, bitterly assaulted the Congregational establishment.

The 1740s and 1750s were the dark night of the New England soul, as men and women groped toward a restructured religious order. Conflict transformed inclusive parishes into exclusive networks of combative spiritual seekers. Then as now, evangelicalism emboldened ordinary people to question traditional authorities. Their challenge shattered whole communities.

Weitere Titel von diesem Autor



separate Baptists, immortalism and spiritual wifery, dreams, trances, and visions, New London bonfires and book burning, relation of faith narratives, Haverhill, Mass., Great Earthquake of 1727, Ezra Stiles, Medfield, Mass., post-puritan New England, Suffield and Enfield, Conn., perfectionist controversies, Arminian controversies, Isaac Backus, religious practice, lived religion, Alexander Hamilton (of Annapolis, Md.), Whitefieldarians, mapping religion in early America, revivalism and separatism in New England, biblical impulses, rise of American and transatlantic evangelicalism, Sarah Prentice, Stratham, N.H., Lyme, Conn., Shakers, popular religion in eighteenth-century New England, Boston, Mass., religious experience, Hannah Heaton, First Great Awakening in New England, conversion narratives, sectarian communities, New England Congregationalism, Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Edwards, George Whitefield, godly walk, spiritual autobiography, Antinomian controversies, religion, family strategies, and the lifecourse, Sturbridge, Mass., itinerant preaching, Northampton, Mass., people called New Lights, Westborough, Mass., Bennington, Vt., Hannah Duston, Hingham, Mass., York, Me., evangelical Protestant awakening, women and childbirth, Nathan Cole, James Davenport, Ebenezer Parkman