Game of Privilege
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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Kulturgeschichte
This groundbreaking history of African Americans and golf explores the role of race, class, and public space in golf course development, the stories of individual black golfers during the age of segregation, the legal battle to integrate public golf courses, and the little-known history of the United Golfers Association (UGA)--a black golf tour that operated from 1925 to 1975. Lane Demas charts how African Americans nationwide organized social campaigns, filed lawsuits, and went to jail in order to desegregate courses; he also provides dramatic stories of golfers who boldly confronted wider segregation more broadly in their local communities. As national civil rights organizations debated golf's symbolism and whether or not to pursue the game's integration, black players and caddies took matters into their own hands and helped shape its subculture, while UGA participants forged one of the most durable black sporting organizations in American history as they fought to join the white Professional Golfers' Association (PGA).
From George F. Grant's invention of the golf tee in 1899 to the dominance of superstar Tiger Woods in the 1990s, this revelatory and comprehensive work challenges stereotypes and indeed the fundamental story of race and golf in American culture.
Thurgood Marshall, Eoline Thornton, Robert Pat Ball, Chuck Thorpe, Jack Nicklaus, Jesse Owens, Langston Golf Course, Meadowood Country Club, Howard Wheeler, Mary Brown, Shady Rest Golf Club, Howard Brown, Lincoln Country Club, Alexander Looby, black golfers, Althea Gibson, Arnold Palmer, Gary Player, Harold Varner III, Marie Thompson, Augustus v. Pensacola, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Crescent City Golf Club, Leeper v. Charlotte Park and Recreation Commission, Lee Carter, Palos Park Golf Course, segregation, Carrie Jones, Cedar Crest Golf Course, Groves Center Golf Course, Lee Haven Beach Club, Alice Stewart, Anacostia Golf Course, Freeway Golf Course, Bill Spiller, George Simkins, Durkee v. Murphy, Earl Woods, Debra Bennett, Ella Baker, Jimmie DeVoe, Cleo Ball, Ginger Howard, Charlie Owens, Swope Park Golf Course, Sweeney v. Louisville, Martin Luther King Jr., John Brooks Dendy, Horace McDougal, William Wright, Bing Crosby, Griffith Park Golf Course, Harry Jackson, Shalimar Country Club, Henry Baraben, Jackie Robinson, Ann Gregory, Lou Harve, Silver Rest Golf Club, Jones v. Attridge and Martha’s Vineyard Country Club, Porter Washington, Sunset Hills Country Club, Simkins v. Greensboro, sport history, Shoal Creek Golf Course, Joe Bartholomew, black caddies, Ray Botts, Tom Woodard, Beal v. Holcombe, Mary Truitt, Geneva Wilson, Walter Speedy, Greensboro Six, Rising Sun Country Club, Lucy Williams, Billy Eckstine, Lee Elder, Potomac Park Golf Course, Apartheid, Booker T. Washington Country Club, Holley v. Portsmouth, William Powell, African American history, Pete Brown, Gordon Chavis, Nathaniel Starks, Chicago Defender, Mapledale Golf Course, Douglass Park Golf Course, Joseph Bramlett, Al Green, John Shippen, Jack Price, Curtis Sifford, Golf history, Professional Golfers Association (PGA) history, Jim Dent, Maggie Hathaway, Apex Country Club, U.S. Open, Papwa Sewgolum, Manaqua Country Club, Ralph Ellison, Exie O’Chier, Vernice Turner, Coffin Golf Course, Acorn Country Club, Miami Springs Golf Course, Roy Wilkins, Ladies Professional Golfers Association (LPGA) history, Cedar River Golf Club, Melanie Moye, Al Morton, Clara Kellnudi, Hugh Smith, Clearview Golf Club, Ben Hogan, Gillespie v. Lake Shore Golf Club Rice v. Arnold, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ella Able, Cablinasian, Joe Louis, Ward v. Miami, Piney Wood Country Club, integration, Civil Rights Movement, National Capital Country Club, Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM), George Johnson, United Golfers Association (UGA), Val Verde Resort, James Black, Timothy O’Neal, Shinnecock Hills Golf Course, Calvin Peete, Law v. Baltimore, Richard Thomas, Renee Powell, Charlie Sifford, Cheshire Country Club, PGA Tour history, Byron Nelson, Harlem, Tam O’Shanter Golf Course, Tiger Woods, Ted Rhodes, Adrian Stills, Walter Morgan, Rackham Golf Course, Beau Jack, Augusta National Golf Club, North Park Golf Course, Delaney v. Central Valley Golf Club, Ponkapoag Golf Club, Kankakee Shores Golf Club, Wolfe v. North Carolina, Fayson v. Beard, Hayes v. Crutcher, John D. Rockefeller, George May, LPGA Tour history, George Franklin Grant, Pebble Beach Golf Course, Pinehurst Golf Course, Tuskegee University, Idlewild Resort, Bobby Stroble, Mohansic Golf Course, race and sport, Fountain Valley Golf Course, Parkridge Country Club, Shasta Averyhardt, Cheyenne Woods, Langston Hughes, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Ethel Funches, Cobbs Creek Golf Course, LaRee Sugg, Laurie Stokien, Shangri-La Resort, miniature golf, Cliff Strickland, Ron Terry, Julia Siler, Alfred “Tup” Holmes, Highland Park Golf Course, Sadena Parks, Max Stanford, United States Golf Association (USGA), Wayside Golf Club, Bob Hope, Bobby Jones, Seneca Golf Course, Casa Loma Country Club, Rouge Park Golf Course, Jim Thorpe, James Walker, Wake Robin Golf Club, Solomon Hughes, Holmes v. Atlanta, Nettie Speedy, Thelma Cowans, Edison Marshall, Masters Tournament, Constance Baker Motley, New Orlean