The Occupation of Havana
Elena A. Schneider
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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte
In 1762, British forces mobilized more than 230 ships and 26,000 soldiers, sailors, and enslaved Africans to attack Havana, one of the wealthiest and most populous ports in the Americas. They met fierce resistance. Spanish soldiers and local militias in Cuba, along with enslaved Africans who were promised freedom, held off the enemy for six suspenseful weeks. In the end, the British prevailed, but more lives were lost in the invasion and subsequent eleven-month British occupation of Havana than during the entire Seven Years' War in North America.
The Occupation of Havana offers a nuanced and poignantly human account of the British capture and Spanish recovery of this coveted Caribbean city. The book explores both the interconnected histories of the British and Spanish empires and the crucial role played by free people of color and the enslaved in the creation and defense of Havana. Tragically, these men and women would watch their promise of freedom and greater rights vanish in the face of massive slave importation and increased sugar production upon Cuba's return to Spanish rule. By linking imperial negotiations with events in Cuba and their consequences, Elena Schneider sheds new light on the relationship between slavery and empire at the dawn of the Age of Revolutions.
British colonialism, Pirates in the Caribbean, Siege warfare in the Caribbean, Black soldiers in the Caribbean, Free people of color in the Caribbean, Manumission from slavery, Imperial warfare, Spanish slave trading asiento, Slave soldiers, Spanish silver, Fernando Po in West Africa, Political loyalty in Spanish empire, Eighteenth-century Cuba, Yellow fever, Comparative study of slavery[ Caribbean marronnage, The Aponte Rebellion of 1812 in Cuba, Morro fortress, Spanish colonialism, Eighteenth-century military occupation, Bourbon reforms, Spanish royal navy shipyard, Slave trading in the Bight of Biafra, Spanish galleons, Privateering, Siege of Havana in 1762, Commerce in British North America/colonial U.S., Jamaica, Seven Years' War, Smuggling in the Caribbean, The British Navy in the Seven Years' War, War of Jenkins' Ear, Black militias, Modernization, Contraband in the Caribbean, Prisoner exchange in early modern warfare, Urban history of Havana, Imperial rivalry, British South Sea Company, Slave trade, Royal monopoly companies