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Third Sex, Third Gender

Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History

Gilbert Herdt (Hrsg.)

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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Geschichte

Beschreibung

Most modern discussions of the relationship of biological sex to gender presuppose that there are two genders, male and female, founded on the two biological sexes. But not all cultures share this essentialist assumption, and even Western societies have not always embraced it. Bringing together historical and anthropological studies, Third Sex, Third Gender challenges the usual emphasis on sexual dimorphism and reproduction, providing a unique perspective on the various forms of socialization of people who are neither “male” nor “female.”

The existence of a third sex or gender enables us to understand how Byzantine palace eunuchs and Indian hijras met the criteria of special social roles that necessitated practices such as self-castration, and how intimate and forbidden desires were expressed among the Dutch Sodomites in the early modern period, the Sapphists of eighteenth-century England, or the so-called hermaphrodite-homosexuals of nineteenth-century Europe and America. By contextualizing these practices and by allowing these bodies, meanings, and desires to emerge, Third Sex, Third Gender provides a new way to think about sex and gender systems that is crucial to contemporary debates within the social sciences.

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Schlagwörter

Virginity, Identity (social science), Sexual orientation, Clitoris, Sex and gender distinction, Sexual identity, Ideology, Manliness (book), Prostitution, Two-Spirit, Human sexual activity, Evelyn Blackwood, Cross-cultural, Kinship, Spouse, The Other Hand, Femininity, Effeminacy, Female, Gender identity, Intersex, Clothing, Lesbian, Nature, Clifford Geertz, George Devereux, Third gender, The Erotic, Sexual dimorphism, Celibacy, Physician, Liminality, Social theory, Margaret Mead, Eroticism, Informant, Sexual intercourse, Adolescence, Explanation, Literature, Masturbation, Sex, Perversion, Androphilia and gynephilia, Male prostitution, Case study, Gender role, Temperament, Magnus Hirschfeld, Sexual desire, Penis, Sexual inversion (sexology), Social relation, Eunuch, Androgyny, Fellatio, Cross-dressing, Homosexuality, Puberty, Social status, Household, Polynesia, Ethnography, Hermaphrodite, Suggestion, Transvestism, Ambiguity, Society, Transsexualism, Havelock Ellis, Deviance (sociology), Personhood, Sex assignment, Sodomy, Chastity, Feminism (international relations), Costume, Heterosexuality, Melanesia, Sexology, Masculinity, Western culture, Individualism, Sex organ, Dichotomy, Social constructionism, Sexual Preference (book), John Money, Indication (medicine), Sexual partner, Anthropologist, Bisexuality, Mrs., Role, Castration, Social science, Transsexual, Woman, Fornication, The History of Sexuality