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The Dynamics of Risk

Changing Technologies and Collective Action in Seismic Events

Louise K. Comfort

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Sozialwissenschaften, Recht, Wirtschaft / Politikwissenschaft

Beschreibung

Earthquakes are a huge global threat. In thirty-six countries, severe seismic risks threaten populations and their increasingly interdependent systems of transportation, communication, energy, and finance. In this important book, Louise Comfort provides an unprecedented examination of how twelve communities in nine countries responded to destructive earthquakes between 1999 and 2015. And many of the book’s lessons can also be applied to other large-scale risks.

The Dynamics of Risk sets the global problem of seismic risk in the framework of complex adaptive systems to explore how the consequences of such events ripple across jurisdictions, communities, and organizations in complex societies, triggering unexpected alliances but also exposing social, economic, and legal gaps. The book assesses how the networks of organizations involved in response and recovery adapted and acted collectively after the twelve earthquakes it examines. It describes how advances in information technology enabled some communities to anticipate seismic risk better and to manage response and recovery operations more effectively, decreasing losses. Finally, the book shows why investing substantively in global information infrastructure would create shared awareness of seismic risk and make postdisaster relief more effective and less expensive.

The result is a landmark study of how to improve the way we prepare for and respond to earthquakes and other disasters in our ever-more-complex world.

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Finding, North Anatolian Fault, Indonesia, Wastewater, Database, Generative science, System of systems, Central administration, Risk management, Disaster, Nonprofit organization, Institution, Measurement, Complexity, Emergency management, China, Decision-making, Adobe, System integration, Complex adaptive system, Community resilience, Seismology, Complex systems, Implementation, Seismic risk, Preparedness, Crisis management, ADAPT, Tsunami, Emergence, Awareness, Household, Kathmandu Valley, Reconnaissance, Uncertainty, Earthquake engineering, Agent-based model, Detection, Infrastructure, Participant, Humanitarian aid, Adaptive system, Management system, Content analysis, Disaster response, World Bank, Centrality, Requirement, Premises, Case study, Funding, Interdependence, Field research, Sociotechnical system, Gujarat, Government agency, Exchange of information, Public institution (United States), Building code, Probability, Supply (economics), Organizational structure, Engineering, Knowledge base, Newspaper, Public sector, Research center, Sichuan, Continuity of Operations, Self-organization, Capacity building, 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Joshua M. Epstein, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, Theory, United States Geological Survey, Competition, Central government, Frequency distribution, Vulnerability, Satellite imagery, Collective intelligence, Nanjing University, Emergency operations center, Electric power, Local community, Employment, Information infrastructure, Chengdu, Collective action, Seismic hazard, Technology, Vulnerability (computing), Decision support system, Organizational performance, Norm (social), Betweenness centrality, 2013 Lushan earthquake, Risk assessment, 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami