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Dark Matters

Pessimism and the Problem of Suffering

Mara van der Lugt

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Princeton University Press img Link Publisher

Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Allgemeines, Lexika

Beschreibung

An intellectual history of the philosophers who grappled with the problem of evil, and the case for why pessimism still holds moral value for us today

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, philosophers engaged in heated debates on the question of how God could have allowed evil and suffering in a creation that is supposedly good. Dark Matters traces how the competing philosophical traditions of optimism and pessimism arose from early modern debates about the problem of evil, and makes a compelling case for the rediscovery of pessimism as a source for compassion, consolation, and perhaps even hope.

Bringing to life one of the most vibrant eras in the history of philosophy, Mara van der Lugt discusses legendary figures such as Leibniz, Hume, Voltaire, Rousseau, Kant, and Schopenhauer. She also introduces readers to less familiar names, such as Bayle, King, La Mettrie, and Maupertuis. Van der Lugt describes not only how the earliest optimists and pessimists were deeply concerned with finding an answer to the question of the value of existence that does justice to the reality of human suffering, but also how they were fundamentally divided over what such an answer should look like.

A breathtaking work of intellectual history by one of today's leading scholars, Dark Matters reveals how the crucial moral aim of pessimism is to find a way of speaking about suffering that offers consolation and does justice to the fragility of life.

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Schlagwörter

Cowardice, Indication (medicine), Principle of charity, Essay, Christian mortalism, Skepticism, The Constitution of Man, Problem of evil, Public speaking, Seriousness, Beyond Good and Evil, Equal footing, Morality, Deism, Critique, Philosopher, Stoicism, Fatalism, Omnibenevolence, Evil, Pure practical reason, Possible world, Optimism, Manichaeism, Suicide, David Hume, Anti-imperialism, Self-help book, Hedonism, Divine law, Antipathy, A priori and a posteriori, Sedition, Moral evil, Theodicy, Anguish, Lutheranism, Nonviolence, Family resemblance, Eclecticism, Logical consequence, Moral relativism, Apathy, Wickedness, Discourses (Meher Baba), Addiction, Metempsychosis, Torture, The Philosopher, Ethics in religion, Trolling (fishing), Natural evil, Psychological pain, Incest, Attributes of God in Christianity, Søren Kierkegaard, Better Never to Have Been, The Problem of Pain, Civil service, Make A Difference, Radical evil, Natural disaster, God, Scholasticism, Profession (religious), Fideism, Antinatalism, Hard problem of consciousness, Overreaction, Candide, Philosophy, Untouchability, Good and evil, Kantianism, Arthur Schopenhauer, Extortion, Hard determinism, Unless, Justification (theology), Anecdote, Philosophical methodology, Holism, Gandhism, We Are Doomed, Religion, David Benatar, Pessimism, Counterintuitive, Ad hominem, Oppression, Nuisance, Pride, Thought, Crisis of faith, Boredom, Emanuel Swedenborg, Freud and Philosophy, Moral rationalism, Dasein, Peter Wessel Zapffe