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Give and Take

Developmental Foreign Aid and the Pharmaceutical Industry in East Africa

Nitsan Chorev

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Geisteswissenschaften, Kunst, Musik / Pädagogik


Give and Take looks at local drug manufacturing in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, from the early 1980s to the present, to understand the impact of foreign aid on industrial development. While foreign aid has been attacked by critics as wasteful, counterproductive, or exploitative, Nitsan Chorev makes a clear case for the effectiveness of what she terms “developmental foreign aid.”

Against the backdrop of Africa’s pursuit of economic self-sufficiency, the battle against AIDS and malaria, and bitter negotiations over affordable drugs, Chorev offers an important corrective to popular views on foreign aid and development. She shows that when foreign aid has provided markets, monitoring, and mentoring, it has supported the emergence and upgrading of local production. In instances where donors were willing to procure local drugs, they created new markets that gave local entrepreneurs an incentive to produce new types of drugs. In turn, when donors enforced exacting standards as a condition to access those markets, they gave these producers an incentive to improve quality standards. And where technical know-how was not readily available and donors provided mentoring, local producers received the guidance necessary for improving production processes.

Without losing sight of domestic political-economic conditions, historical legacies, and foreign aid’s own internal contradictions, Give and Take presents groundbreaking insights into the conditions under which foreign aid can be effective.

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Marketing, Shortage, Public health, Quality assurance, Industry, Private sector, Good manufacturing practice, Brand, Quality control, Entrepreneurship, Dosage form, Pharmacist, Essential medicines, Prevalence, World Bank Group, Year, Chemical industry, Import, East Africa, Kampala, Pharmaceutical manufacturing, Pharmacy, World Bank, Industrial policy, Uganda, Tariff, United States Agency for International Development, Economic development, Secondary sector of the economy, Retail, Incentive, Institution, President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Government agency, Tanzania, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Budget, Foreign direct investment, State-owned enterprise, Requirement, Tuberculosis, Rationing, Antimalarial medication, Postmarketing surveillance, World Trade Organization, Commodity, Economy, Malaria, Privatization, Infrastructure, Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative, Industrial production, Provision (accounting), Welfare, Currency, Dar es Salaam, Tax, Expense, World War II, Raw material, Procurement, Technology transfer, World Health Organization, Indication (medicine), Donor, Manufacturing, Competitiveness, Development aid, Generic drug, Liberalization, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Colonialism, Health care, African socialism, Know-how, Combination therapy, International organization, Investor, Non-governmental organization, Employment, Industrialisation, Funding, Cipla, Joint venture, Technology, Processing (Chinese materia medica), Aid, Pharmaceutical industry, International Monetary Fund, Subsidiary, Developed country, Supply (economics), Market analysis, Multinational corporation, Kenya, Government procurement, New International Economic Order, Public sector, Pharmaceutical drug, Pharmacy school