History, Prophecy, and the Stars
Laura Ackerman Smoller
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Naturwissenschaften, Medizin, Informatik, Technik / Naturwissenschaften allgemein
Although astrology was viewed with suspicion by the medieval church, it became a major area of inquiry for the renowned cardinal and scholar Pierre d'Ailly, whose astrological and apocalyptic writings had a significant influence on Christopher Columbus. D'Ailly's writings on the stars, the focus of this book, clearly illustrate the complex relationships among astrology, science, and Christian thinking in the late Middle Ages. Through an examination of his letters, sermons, and philosophical, astrological, and theological treatises, Laura Ackerman Smoller reveals astrology's appeal as a scientific means to interpret history and prophecy, and not merely as a magical way to forecast and manipulate one's own fate. At the same time, she shows how d'Ailly dealt with delicate problems--such as free will and God's omnipotence--in elevating astrology to a compelling, but not always consistent, "natural theology." The French cardinal's most intriguing prediction was for the advent of Antichrist in 1789, one that stemmed from his deep concern over the Great Schism (1378-1414). Smoller maintains that the division in the church led d'Ailly to fear the imminence of the apocalypse, and that he eventually turned to astrology to quell his apocalyptic fears, thereby gaining confidence that a church council could heal the Schism. In elucidating the place of astrology in medieval society, this book also affords a personal glimpse of a man facing a profound crisis.
Originally published in 1994.
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Western astrology, Church Fathers, Apocalypticism, True longitude, Deferent and epicycle, Exegesis, Astrological sign, Cardinal point (optics), Mythology, Firmicus (crater), Inception, The Dream of Scipio (novel), Tertullian, Glorification, Classical planet, Omnipotence, Astronomy, V., Trepidation (astronomy), Celestial sphere, Theorica, Positivism, Time immemorial, Apocalyptic literature, Classical element, The Philosopher, Theology, Glossa Ordinaria, Pontiff, The Various, In High Places (Harry Turtledove novel), Great conjunction, Christian eschatology, Christian Astrology, Hindu astrology, Celestial equator, Ab urbe condita, Carneades, Periodization, Summa Theologica, Astronomer, Renaissance humanism, Tetrabiblos, Eschatology, Tian, Aristotelian physics, Deity, Occult science, Prediction, Ascendant, ITER, Calendar reform, Rite, Astrology, Calculation, Chaplain, Special revelation, Somnium (novel), Canonization, Exaltation (astrology), Judicial astrology, Seven seals, Triple conjunction, Cardinal sign (astrology), Equatorium, Divination, Johannes de Sacrobosco, Fideism, Nicole Oresme, Exoplanet, Chronology, On Religion, Pierre d'Ailly, Science, Alfonsine tables, Campanus of Novara, Flagellant, Etymologiae, Meteorology, Longevity, On the Heavens, Treatise, First Vision, Great Tribulation, Omen, Star chart, Astronomia, Horoscope, Essays (Montaigne), Spirituality, Julius Africanus, Plotinus, Star lore, Anno Domini, Cathedral chapter, Divine inspiration, Culmination, Ages of Man, Magis, Scientific theory